Alright, let’s jump into the world of facts and here are some of the interesting facts about India with pictures that will amaze you. If you are a fact finder then this post has a lot from which you can gain some insight into the Indian world.
30 Interesting Facts About India
1.Second Highest Population in the World
India ranks as the second highest populated country in the world with a staggering 132.42 crores (by 2016). An interesting fact is that India’s size is just one-third of the USA yet the population it holds is more of a worrying factor rather than something to be proud of. Another interesting number is that the number of births in India every year is more than the total population of Australia and many other nations.
2. The biggest family in the world
Since its the second most populous country, an interesting fact that comes out of it is that the biggest family in the world is in India. A super grand family having 167 members lives in the state of Mizoram in North East India. he man Ziona Chana has 9 wives, 94 children, and 33 grandchildren, who live together as one happy family in the same house.
3. Largest Number of Post Offices in the World
With over 155,015 Post Offices, India has the biggest postal network in the world with 23 postal circles. That means 1 postal office for every 8515 Indian people. That’s an awesome amount of service. Right? Recently in 2017, all the post offices in India were computerised. Out of 1.55 lakh post offices, 1.39 lakh are in rural areas and the remaining 15,736 in urban areas. One of the highest post offices in the world is in Hikkim in the state of Himachal Pradesh at a height of 15,500 ft.
4. World’s Second Largest English Speaking Country
Though India a non-native country to English language, it ranks second when it comes to the most English speaking people. With 125 million English speakers it is second to the USA. But only 226,449 of those speak it as a first language and the rest as the second language and this count is expected to quadruple in the coming years.
5. Largest Producer of Milk
A large part of India’s economy runs on the agriculture sector and hence cows and buffalos play an important role. Indian ranks as the largest producer of milk in the world (combined milk production from both cows and buffalos). A large part of the total milk in India is produced from buffalos. India accounts for 18.5% of the world’s milk production with annual production of 53.77 million tonnes in 2017-18. Next time you are in India, do try some very yummy desserts like gulab jamun, barfi, sandesh and rasgulla which are made from milk as an important ingredient.
6. Origin of Zero and Decimal
The concept of decimal system and the invention of ‘zero’ is said to have originated in India more than 2000 years ago. The decimal system made its way to Europe through Arabs after the ninth century when they came to India for trading, making way for the modern exiting number system.
7. Leader in making the most number of Films in the world
India is the global leader in producing the most number of feature films in more than 20 languages. Each year Indian film industry produces more than 20000 films with a majority of them made by Bollywwod which makes it in the Hindi language. This goes to show the craze of films in India.
8. Highest Cricket Ground in the World
Cricket craziness in India is something that doesn’t need to be mentioned at all. While the players are making their own records, there is a cricket ground in India mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records. Located on top of a mountain at a height of 8,018 ft in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. It was built in 1893 and is surrounded by forest and picturesque scene.
9. Most number of newspaper circulation
As per the data available with the Government, a total of 1,05,443 newspapers/periodicals are registered with the Registrar of Newspapers for India (RNI) as on 31st March 2015. More than 4500 newspapers are circulated in more than 250 languages every day.
10. World’s Largest School
The world’s largest school (named City Montessori School) is located in the city of Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh State. It teaches over 44,000 students annually and has a staff of 2,500 teachers who teach in 1000 classrooms. It is also mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records.
11. Largest Wholesale Spice Market of Asia
Khari Baoli located in Old Delhi area is the largest wholesale spice market In Asia. It sells all kinds of spices, nuts, herbs, dried foods and other products. It was established in the 16th century.
12. The Oldest Inhabited Place in the World
Varanasi (formerly known as Banaras) is one the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world and the oldest in India. According to legend, it was founded by the Hindu deity Lord Shiva 5,000 years ago and stands on a Trishul (A Weapon) called Trident in English. However, modern scholars believe it to be around 3,000 years old.
13. The Largest Attended Event on Earth
India hosts the largest attended event by people in the world. ‘Kumbh Mela’ is held after every 3 years in 4 holy cities one at a time. The biggest gathering reported at Kumbh Mela was in 2007 where 70 million people came to attend the holy gathering. An interesting thing is that the mega-gathering is very clearly seen from space.
14. Meghalaya – The Wettest Place on Earth
‘Meghalaya’ the north-eastern state of India is the home to the top 2 wettest places on Earth. The first one being the ‘Mawsynram’ (a village) which receives 11861 mm of average rain per year. Second to it is ‘Cherrapunji’ which is a small town 15 km from Mawsynram. Most of the rain falls during the monsoon season from June to September.
15. Asia’s Cleanest Village
Well if it rains so much in Meghalaya, then I am sure everything gets washed up and makes the place much clean. No wonder Asia’s most cleaned village named Mawlynnong is in Meghalaya, India. It is also called ‘God’s own Garden’. Apart from cleanliness it also has 100% literacy rate and women empowerment. It is a must visit place while journeying in India.
16. World’s Largest Importer of Arms
India is the world’s largest importer of arms according to the data ranging from 2012 to 2016 accounting for 13% of the global total. But the interesting fact and something that its citizens can be proud of is that it has never invaded or attacked any other country. Indians have a habit of attaching their own states and envy them. That’s why India has a been long ruled by foreigners as none of the states had unity and kept on fighting with each other. Traces of which are still in the Indian mentality.
17. Siachen Glacier – The World’s Highest Battlefield
The world’s highest battlefield is a glacier located in Kashmir. Some part of it is with India and some with Pakistan. Tthe soldiers of both countries are stationed in freezing and harsh conditions. Siachen Glacier is also the second largest glacier in the non-polar regions of the world. It is located at an altitude of 18,875 ft above sea level and is the longest glacier in the Karakoram Himalayan Range measuring 76 km.
18. The Highest Motorable Road in the World
There is a new feather in the cap of the Border Roads Organization (BRO). It has now constructed the world’s highest motorable road in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, passing through Umling La Top at a height of over 19,300 feet. The motorable road connects the Chisumle and Demchok villages of Kashmir. Earlier the crown was with the Khardungla Pass in Ladhak at a height of 17600 ft.
19. First to Detect Water on the Moon
Alright, Indians might not have been the first ones to step on the moon and send satellites but the Indian satellite named ‘Chandrayaan-1’ has the honour of detecting water on the moon for the first time. Well, this gives a bit of virtual relief to Indians as according to a UN report, by 2040 there will be no drinking water in almost all of India. I am glad Indian scientists are trying to find water on the moon.
20. More than 50% Defecate in Open
One of the most interesting facts about India is that approximately half of India’s population, a staggering 522 million, practice open defecation. This is a strange and dirty fact but certainly not shocking for Indians at least. They know they do it a lot majorly in the rural areas.
21. The Concept of Shampoo Originated in India
Now since we are talking about how unhygienic India is, but India had something that gave the world an idea to keep their head hair clean. Yes, its the shampoo. You would be amazed to know that the concept of shampoo was first invented in India 300 years ago when herbs, vegetable starch and wood ash were used to remove excess oil and strengthen the hair. The modern-day shampooing concept is only about 100 years old.
22. Indian Railways has More than A Million Employees
Indian Railways has 1.54 million people working for it and that’s more than the population of some countries like Trinidad and Tobago, Estonia, Mauritius, Bahrain, Swaziland, Estonia, Bahrain, Fiji, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Iceland and Monaco. This makes Indian Railways the 7th biggest employer in the world.
23. Buttons were Invented in India
Here is another one of the most incredible facts about India. Ornamental buttons made from seashell were made in the Indus Valley Civilization in 2000 BC for ornamental purposes. Some buttons were carved into different shapes and had holes pierced into them so that they could be attached to clothing by using a thread. Button was originally used more as an ornament than as a fastening. The earliest known being found from Mohenjodaro in the Indus Vally and is made of a curved shell and about 5000 years old.
24. An Important Role in Invention and Development of Plastic Surgery
Plastic surgery was being carried out in India in 2000 BC. The system of punishment by deforming a miscreant’s body may have led to an increase in demand for this practice. Rishi (Saint) Sushrut contributed mainly to the field of plastic and cataract surgery and is referred to as the Father of Cosmetic Surgery. The medical works of both Sushruta and Charak (the Indian Father of Medicine) were translated into the Arabic language during 750 BC. These translated Arabic works made their way into Europe over the period of time when the east met west.
25. Hinduism is Not a Religion
The actual religion which is mentioned in the Holy Book Bhagavad Gita and others like Mahabharat and Ramayana don’t have any mention of the word Hindu. the actual religion then was named as ‘Sanatam Religion’. Over the period of time, this name was given by foreigners because the land was on the side of the river Indus and hence became Hindu. The word Hindu is derived from the Indo-Aryan and Sanskrit, Sanskrit word Sindhu, which means “a large body of water”, covering “river, ocean”. It was used as the name of the Indus river and also referred to its tributaries. This one of the most important and interesting facts about Indian culture.
26. Income Tax? We Won’t Give It.
According to a report, only 1.7% out of 132 crores Indian pay income tax. This must have shocked you definitely. Most of the Indians under report their income so as not to fall into the category of paying taxes. Strange but that’s a fact.
27. A Bicycle to Transport a Rocket. Really??
The first rocket in India was transported on a cycle in 1963 from the lab unit to the launching site (Thumba Equatorial Launching Station). This was the first rocket launch by the scientists of the Indian space research organization. The second rocket, which was launched by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), was a little bigger and heavier and hence it was transported in a bullock cart. If you want to know the full story of the first rocket launch in India – Read Here. The bicycle transporting a rocket is surely an OMG fact about India.
28. India has the Largest Sundial in the World
The Samrat Yantra in Jaipur is part of the Jantar Mantar (an instrument for calculation). There is a Big Collection of 14 devices built for measuring time, for astronomy and astrology which was built in the 18th century. The Sundial is 90 feet tall and is so large that its shadow moves at a speed of 1 millimetre per second. So it moves 6 centimetres every minute.
29. Top Mango Producing Country in the World
India produces the largest number of mangoes in the world. It grows 18 million tonnes of mangoes annually which is approx 50% of the world total. The major mango producing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Karnataka, Orissa and Maharashtra. India has about 2,309,000 acres dedicated to mango farming.
30. A Village with No Locks
Shani Shingnapur located in ‘Nevasa Taluka’ of Ahmednagar district in the state of Maharashtra is an amazing village and one of its kind in the world. All houses, shops as well as banks don’t have any lock on their doors. The people of the village believe not to store any valuables in a lock or safe. The story behind it is that anyone who steals or does robbery faces a bad luck for many years and pays for its deeds immediately like death, disease, accidents, etc. No robbery has been reported to date except for a few cases where one who did it faced immediate consequences. The belief is associated with ‘Shani’ a diety, who watches over the village and its 4000 residents.
Other Interesting Facts About India:
- Lonar Lake which is a saltwater lake in Maharashtra was created by a meteor hitting the Earth and is one of its kind in India.
- The game of Chess was invented in India
- Until 1986, the only place where diamonds had been officially found was in India.
- The Indian army has a horsed cavalry regiment. It is among one of the last 3 such regiments in the world
- As per The Guinness Book Of World Records, India is third in terms of the most number of records claimed every year in the world. First and Second being US and UK respectively.
Hope you liked reading these 30 some interesting facts about India. How many of them you knew and which one you liked the most? You may share your thoughts below. And if you know some other interesting facts about India, you mention down them as well. Knowledge is Sharing. 🙂
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